If the first New Zealand Grand Prix proved that the spectators were available in their thousands for an event of this kind, the second proved that the organisers would have to keep their eyes open for a number of the less obvious things that go to make up motor racing.
For the processional win by B. Bira (Prince Birabongse Bhanutej Bhanuban of Siam) in a 2½ -litre Formula I Maserati, followed by a similar win the following year by Stirling Moss, showed that as much thought had to be given to finding an evenly-matched field as to obtaining two or three first-class drivers.
The second year also saw the introduction of heats, preliminary qualifying races, to keep up the interest of the audience in the early stages of the day and sort out starting positions in the main event, which it was agreed should be limited to no more than 24 cars.
Bira and his Maserati in action in the 1955 Grand Prix, which he won from start to finish.
The second New Zealand Grand Prix is actually a good deal more interesting in retrospect than it was on the day, when for lap after lap Bira slung the long, light-blue Maserati round the course in immaculate fashion, completely outclassing the rest of the field despite the first appearance of the Ferrari 300S motor in the Ferrari short chassis.
Two of these latter cars were in the hands of Peter Whitehead and Tony Gaze, calling themselves now the Kangaroo Stable (Gaze is an Australian) and all hooked up for a profitable southern circuit through New Zealand, Australia and South Africa.
These three cars and the 2.5-litre 1953 Maserati 250F fielded by Australian Reg Hunt (his first drive in a big car, though he had had many notable successes in Europe in sports and Formula II events) were the backbone of the race, though Jack Brabham drove redoubtably to come home fourth, behind Bira, Whitehead, and Gaze, and ahead of Hunt, in his obsolescent Cooper-Bristol.
and collected, Bira waiting for his Maserati to be wheeled to the starting grid.
Bira's Maserati was not the latest
type, for the redoubtable 250F was then coming into circulation and was to prove itself
later in the season in the hands of Stirling Moss and others.
Outwardly Bira's car differed from the 250F by having a long, drooping nose and one of the prettiest body shapes evolved in post-war Formula I racing. It was distinguished by the large number of ventilating louvres, apparently popped in wherever a panel gave room for them.
The motor was a six-cylinder double over-head camshaft job, with three carburettors, running on a methanol blend, and developing around 260 bhp at the high figure of 8000 r.p.m. But it was a well-tested motor, which had proved itself capable in the hands of a first-class driver of meeting Ferrari on equal terms and conceding little to Mercedes-Benz.
Against this formidable, but solitary, car were pitted the experimental Ferraris of Whitehead and Gaze. They were the short- chassis 1954 grand prix cars.
On paper, the cars were formidable. Replacing the 2½ -litre Formula I motors were two of the 3-litre 300S motors which had been extremely successful in sports-racing events during the previous season. They were big four-cylinder double overhead camshaft motors, with two Weber double-choke carburettors, and they produced their estimated 245 bhp at only 6500 r.p.m.
Hunt's car, which scarcely came into the picture among the leaders owing to the circumstances, was an early 250F, a shorter car than Bira's, considerably lighter, with suspension improvements and the motor which was to prove the marquee's last effective gesture in the current Formula I series.
Jack Brabham's Cooper-Bristol was the modified car which ran under the name of Redex Special, in which he had scored many successes in Australia and run into a place in New Zealand at the first NZ Grand Prix.
And another familiar car also appeared - the ex-Whitehead V12 Ferrari from the previous year, in the hands of Australian Dick Cobden. Unfortunately the blown 2-litre never showed its paces properly during either practice or race, being dogged by fuel-pump and then electrical troubles throughout the visit.
Previous year's winner, Stan Jones, was unable to cross the Tasman again, having wrapped his Maybach around a tree in the Australian Grand Prix, but Australia was represented by the 1954 Australian GP winner, Lex Davison, again driving his further modified HWM-Jaguar, and Stan Coffey, in a Cooper-Bristol.
Among the New Zealanders, the position was as before, with Roycroft still the favourite in the 2.9 Alfa-Romeo, likely to be challenged by Fred Zambucka with the 2.9 Maserati, with which he had put up a 151 mph flying mile at Orange, N.S.W., during the year. But there was one modern machine; John Horton had the ex-Gaze HWM-Alta of the year before. Although his HWM was the most modern New Zealand owned car in the race, he lacked the experience of the top contenders.
There were several interesting New Zealand made cars, such as the very attractive Palmer Special which, it is interesting to note, was the old Jackson Special (later Logan Special) now rebuilt. Its driver was veteran speed boat and midget-car racer George Palmer of Hamilton. Hawkes Bay saloon driver Reg McCutcheon had a new Chevrolet-engined car called the Normac Special, and Des McDonagh, also from Hawkes Bay, brought his Thomas-Mercury.
Ron Frost, Arnold Stafford and Syd Jensen, as members of the Frost stable, were at the wheels of three Cooper-Norton's, the last named's a Mk VII and the others Mk VIIIs. Bill Lee raced his own Mk VI Cooper-Norton.
The sports-car class had three Austin-Healeys, two Triumph TR2s and a Morgan. Fastest of the Healeys was the modified ex-Jensen car driven by Auckland clubman Les McLaren, father of Bruce McLaren. Peter McInally had another and at the last minute Phil Neill forsook the wheel of his FSS Special for one. Ross Jensen was now driving a much-modified TR2, and a standard model was entered for Wally Bern to drive. The Morgan was driven by 17 year old Wellingtonian Tony Shelly. It qualified but didn't start.
The race was run, as before, in a left hand, or anti-clockwise direction, though it was to be changed the succeeding year to its present clockwise, right-hand direction, which makes it at least two or three seconds faster.
Bira, by then a veteran of the world's tracks, with 20 years' racing up his sleeve, took one practice run around Ardmore, shot back to the city to change his rear axle ratio, and struck it exactly right.
His car was running on a racing methanol blend, which gave it several miles an hour on the Ferraris, but also carried a risk of breakdown. He followed in the race the old form of going out in front and staying there as long as possible, and his car held out for a handsome win and lots of lap money.
The Ferraris had two problems to meet. Whitehead and Gaze wanted to race at Christchurch, at Orange, and in South Africa. And they wanted no major engine overhauls.
So the motors were detuned to run on 100 octane aviation fuel, which meant giving away to top speed to Bira, but also meant less wear and tear on the motors.
After practice they dickered on the subject of axle ratios, finally decided to stick to the gearing they had, but in the event found that an almost complete absence of wind meant they were under-geared for the race.
As Gaze remarked ruefully after the race, "what we needed was a set of methanol pistons each."
Bira's car, too, came back to New
Zealand, at least in part. Few realised it at the time, but the car driven by Ross Jensen
in the 1959 season was built on the frame of Bira's, but with many later modifications.
in the Triumph TR2
The second practice day showed that
lap speeds would be much higher in the race than in the first Ardmore grand prix, Bira on
his altered gearing lapping consistently at 1m 32sec, with a fastest lap of 1.31. On the
2.1-mile course this was only a second slower than Ken Wharton's fastest lap the previous
year in the BRM, and represented around 83 mph.
Whitehead and Gaze, whose cars were completely new to them, were lapping at around 1.33 and 1.34, Hunt, also in a new car, got down to 1.35, and Jack Brabham was throwing his Cooper-Bristol round spectacularly to achieve the same time.
On the day of the race the heats gave little indication of what might be expected. Grid positions were decided by the fastest laps in two 25 mile heats. Whitehead (1:31) won the first from Hunt (1:31), Brabham (1:34), Horton (1:39) and Stafford (1:44). The second was won by Bira (1:31), followed by Gaze (1:32), Zambucka (1:37), Roycroft (1:40) and Syd Jensen (1:43). The next 14 fastest cars from the heats made up the field to start in the Grand Prix.
Veteran George Smith made his last start in this event. He had imported a 1939 Alfa-Romeo chassis and endeavoured to install the potent but temperamental 5.4-litre Chrysler Fireball V8 motor in it.
Practice showed, however, that the weight of the motor made the car unmanageable, and the famous old beach special, the Ford GeeCeeEss was called upon to carry the motor. A blown piston on the sixth lap of the qualifying heat marked the exit from the scene of the greatest figure in the previous quarter century of motor sport in New Zealand, for the same car blew up in practice the following year.
Davidson's fan belt broke during the heats so he started from the back of the grid. Smith couldn't better 2 minutes in practice, so he pulled out of the main race and started in the consolation race instead, which he subsequently won.
Nor did Bira make a pit stop. Both the Ferraris were forced to make brief calls at the pits, which possibly cost them the race. They were not to know that for the last three laps, Bira, like Wharton the year before, was driving virtually on his gears, almost no brakes, with the sole of his light shoe worn down by the effort of braking.Early on, Fred Zambucka found College Corner a trial, and three times during the race ended among the bales, probably dropping a place or two in consequence. Roycroft in the Alfa-Romeo was no more fortunate, mounting a marker drum on the Cloverleaf on the 10th lap and subsequently retiring on lap 58.
Stan Coffey was in the leading bunch in the early part of the race, but retired with no oil pressure as a result of a broken lead on lap 16, and the HWM-Alta of John Horton, which had never sounded really happy in either practice or in the heats, made two pit stops and stopped before the half-way mark, but reappeared in the closing stages to cross the line as an official finisher and was classified 15th. On lap 17 McCutcheon came into the pits with the Normac belching out steam after a frost plug had blown out of the motor and Culver arrived two laps later with a distinctly noisy motor which suddenly went dead quiet as he approached his pit.
Tony Gaze (Ferrari) coming out of Cloverleaf ahead of Reg Hunt (Maserati) and Stafford (Cooper).
The Whitehead and Gaze pit-stops were made on laps 22 and 24 respectively, Whitehead losing 23 seconds on a minor adjustment and Gaze a whole lap while a jammed throttle linkage was cleared. Without their stops they might have forced Bira into an error, but races, like many other things, are won on facts and not on might-have-beens.
About lap 60, Zambucka executed his third spin at College Corner and thereafter never looked like catching up. Frost was then first Kiwi (Stafford had stopped to fit a new chain on lap 57) and was in sixth position overall when Davison stopped with transmission trouble on lap 88. However, a lap later Frost himself had gearbox trouble and was forced to retire, allowing Syd Jensen to fill sixth place, nine laps behind the winner.Bira won by 23 seconds from Whitehead, with Gaze 63 seconds further back in third. Bira's average for the race was 78.75 mph, more than six miles an hour faster than Stan Jones' winning average of the year before, and he and Whitehead shared the fastest lap at 81.29 mph. Both Gaze and Hunt put in laps of 80.43 mph, and once again Brabham in an outmoded car put up a wonderful performance by averaging 76.84 mph for the race to come in ahead of Hunt.
Syd Jensen, whose name was also to crop up increasingly in the records of New Zealand motor sports, pushed his 500 cc Cooper home from beyond College Corner to fill sixth place and take the prize for first New Zealander home.
Lex Davison, however, was not so
lucky. His HWM-Jaguar coughed out on Clevedon Corner, and a weary, grimy Davison pushed it
clean round the course to finish in 9th place, just out the money.
Fred Zambucka (Maserati) about to be overtaken by Brabham (Cooper-Bristol).
Kindest feature of all to an organisation still smarting from its wounds over the placings mix-up of the year before, was the praise given by Dean Delamont, competitions manager of the Royal Automobile Club, who flew out to act as chief steward of the meeting.
There was nothing one could criticise seriously in the arrangements for the 1955 race, he said before leaving, and it was obvious that the teething troubles were over.
And two recommendations he made were to bear immediate fruit, New Zealand drivers should stop putting their money into ancient cars and specials, he said, and buy fewer, better machines. The course should be run clockwise, giving faster lap speeds and better corners.
Reg McCutcheon (Normac-Chevrolet Special).
Date: 8th January 1955
Distance: 100 laps of 3.0 km (300.00 km)
|1||Prince B Bira||Thai||Maserati 250F / Maserati 2497cc 6cyl||100||2h 40m 12s|
|2||Peter Whitehead||UK||Ferrari 500/625 / Ferrari 2968cc 4cyl||100||2h 40m 35s|
|3||Tony Gaze||Aust||Ferrari 500/625 / Ferrari 2968cc 4cyl||100||2h 41m 38s|
|4||Jack Brabham||Aust||Cooper-Bristol Mk II / Bristol 1971cc 6cyl||98|
|5||Reg Hunt||Aust||Maserati A6GCM / Maserati 2497cc 6cyl||97|
|6||Syd Jensen||NZ||Cooper Mk VII / Norton 498cc 1cyl||91|
|7||Fred Zambucka||NZ||Maserati 8CM / Maserati 2992cc 8cyl s/c||89|
|Ret||Ron Frost||NZ||Cooper Mk VIII / Norton 498cc 1cyl||89||Gearbox|
|8||George Palmer||NZ||Jackson-Mercury / Mercury 4118cc V8||88|
|Ret||Lex Davison||Aust||HWM F2 / Jaguar 3442cc 6cyl||88||Transmission|
|9||Ross Jensen||NZ||Triumph TR2 / Triumph 1991cc 4cyl||86|
|10||Dick Cobden||Aust||Ferrari 125 / Ferrari 1995cc V12 s/c||86|
|11||Arnold Stafford||NZ||Cooper Mk VIII / Norton 498cc 1cyl||85|
|12||Phil Neill||NZ||Austin-Healey 100 / Austin 2660cc 4cyl||83|
|13||Peter Mclnally||NZ||Austin-Healey 100 / Austin 2660cc 4cyl||80|
|14||Des McDonagh||NZ||Thomas-Mercury / Mercury 4100cc V8||75|
|Ret||Ron Roycroft||NZ||Alfa-Romeo Tipo B / Alfa 2905cc 8cyl s/c||58||Valve|
|15||John Horton||NZ||HWM F1 / Alta 1960cc 4cyl s/c||55|
|Ret||John McMillan||NZ||Alfa-Romeo Tipo B / Alfa 2905cc 8cyl s/c||33|
|Ret||Bill Lee||NZ||Cooper Mk VI / Norton 498cc 1cyl||30|
|Ret||Les McLaren||NZ||Austin-Healey 100 / Austin 2660cc 4cyl||30|
|Ret||Bill Culver||NZ||DeSoto Special / DeSoto 3368cc 6cyl||19||Engine|
|Ret||Reg McCutcheon||NZ||Normac Special / Chevrolet 3870cc 6cyl||17||Frost Plug|
|Ret||Stan Coffey||Aust||Cooper-Bristol Mk I / Bristol 1971cc 6cyl||16||Oil Pressure|
|Ret||Gordon Brown||NZ||GBS / Ford 1172cc 4cyl||9||Engine|
|DNS||George Smith||NZ||GeeCeeEss / Chrysler 5600cc V8|
|DNS||Wally Bern||NZ||Triumph TR2 / Triumph 1991cc 4cyl|
|DNS||Tony Shelly||NZ||Morgan plus 4 / Vanguard 2088cc 4cyl|
|DNS||Johnny Mansel||NZ||Mansel Special / Mercury 3950cc V8|
Fastest Lap: Bira and Whitehead 1m 33s.
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